Exod. Faith thus receiving and resting on Christ and his righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification; yet is not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but works by love. Rom. 2:6; Luke 1:33 132. The Son of God, the second person in the Holy Trinity, being very and eternal God, the brightness of the Father's glory, of one substance and equal with Him who made the world, who upholds and governs all things He has made, did, when the fullness of time was complete, take upon Him man's nature, with all the essential properties and common infirmities of it,136 yet without sin;137 being conceived by the Holy Spirit in the womb of the Virgin Mary, the Holy Spirit coming down upon her: and the power of the Most High overshadowing her; and so was made of a woman of the tribe of Judah, of the seed of Abraham and David according to the Scriptures;138 so that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion; which person is very God and very man, yet one Christ, the only mediator between God and man.139, 136. Rom. John 10:26, 17:9, 6:64, 7. That doctrine which maintains a change of the substance of bread and wine, into the substance of Christ's body and blood, commonly called transubstantiation, by consecration of a priest, or by any other way, is repugnant not to Scripture alone,475 but even to common sense and reason, overthrows the nature of the ordinance, and has been, and is, the cause of manifold superstitions, yea, of gross idolatries.476, 475. as it bears forth the glory of God in his attributes, the excellency of Christ in his nature and offices, and the power and fullness of the Holy Spirit in his workings and operations: and so is enabled to cast his soul upon the truth consequently believed; and also acts differently upon that which each particular passage thereof contains; yielding obedience to the commands. 14:4 360. The doctrine of the high mystery of predestination is to be handled with special prudence and care, that men attending the will of God revealed in His Word, and yielding obedience thereunto, may, from the certainty of their effectual vocation, be assured of their eternal election; so shall this doctrine afford matter of praise. Rom. and in their being delivered from this present evil world. Ps. 30:6; Ezek. 6:11; Ps. Ezek. 1689. Romans 10:10 Eph. 2 Thess. Song of Solomon 5:2-3, 6 315. infinite in being and perfection; whose essence cannot be comprehended by any but Himself; invisible, without body, parts, or passions, who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; most wise, most free, most absolute; working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will. Of God's Decree. 7:22 146. Acts 11:29-30 456. The bodies of the unjust shall, by the power of Christ, be raised to dishonour; the bodies of the just, by his Spirit, unto honour, and be made conformable to his own glorious body.487, 487. As each church, and all the members of it, are bound to pray continually for the good and prosperity of all the churches of Christ. 51, Matt. 2 Chron. 6:6-7 441. It is lawful for Christians to accept and execute the office of a magistrate when called thereunto; in the management whereof, as they ought especially to maintain justice and peace,408 according to the wholesome laws of each kingdom and commonwealth, so for that end they may lawfully now, under the New Testament, wage war upon just and necessary occasions.409, 408. The reading material for this course consists of The London Baptist Confession of Faith of 1689, the text of which is incorporated into this study guide at the beginning of each lesson. 19:10 370. Those whom God effectually calls, he also freely justifies,198 not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous;199 not for anything wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's sake alone;200 not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing Christ's active obedience unto the whole law, and passive obedience in his death for their whole and sole righteousness by faith,201 which faith they have not of themselves; it is the gift of God.202, 198. This title can be purchased in print form from Founders Press. Moreover, man having brought himself under the curse of the law by his fall, it pleased the Lord to make a covenant of grace,120, 2. wherein He freely offers unto sinners life and salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in Him, that they may be saved;121 being now conceived in sin,122 and promising to give unto all those that are ordained unto eternal life, His Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe.123, 121. 7:15, 18-19, 21, 23, 5. Heb. The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture itself; and therefore when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture (which is not manifold, but one), it must be searched by other places that speak more clearly. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, has wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation; so as a natural man, being altogether averse from that good, and dead in sin. Rom. 1:11; Heb. 2 Cor. 7:1; Heb. Although the 1689 London Confession (also known as the Second London Confession [SLC] to distinguish it from the 1644, or First London Baptist Confession) is a wonderful statement of Calvinistic Baptist faith, it should not be used as a local church’s statement of faith. Philippians Matt. 1:4, 9, 11; Rom. Gen. 2:16-17 107. 1 Cor. 11:13 249. They who upon pretence of Christian liberty do practice any sin, or cherish any sinful lust, as they do thereby pervert the main design of the grace of the gospel to their own destruction. Of God and of the Holy Trinity. Ps. 15:19, 5. Christ, in the work of mediation, acts according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself; yet by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes in Scripture, attributed to the person denominated by the other nature. II Corinthians Phil. The 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith. John 6:37, 10:15-16, 17:9; Rom. 5:2, 5, 2. 5:17-19; Rom. As for those wicked and ungodly men whom God, as the righteous judge, for former sin does blind and harden; from them He not only withholds His grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understanding, and wrought upon their hearts; but sometimes also withdraws the gifts which they had. yet there is no sin so great that it shall bring damnation to them that repent. The Lord our God is but one only living and true God; whose subsistence is in and of Himself,22 infinite in being and perfection; whose essence cannot be comprehended by any but Himself;23 a most pure spirit,24 invisible, without body, parts, or passions, who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto;25 who is immutable,26 who is immutable,27 immense,28 eternal,29 incomprehensible, almighty,30 every way infinite, most holy,31 most wise, most free, most absolute; working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will,32 for His own glory;33 most loving, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him,34 and withal most just and terrible in His judgments,35 hating all sin,36 and who will by no means clear the guilty.37, 22. Whosoever takes an oath warranted by the word of God, ought duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he knows to be truth; for that by rash, false, and vain oaths, the Lord is provoked, and for them this land mourns.401, 4. 2 Pet. 2:2; Acts 20:32, 2. Such of the elect that are converted at riper years, having sometime lived in the state of nature, and therein served divers pleasures, God in their effectual calling gives them repentance to life. 1 Cor. 1 Thess. Gen. 1:28 415. 1 Cor. and did perfectly fulfill it, and underwent the punishment due to us, which we should have born and suffered. 8:30, 11:7; Eph. yet, as God offers opportunity, is to be extended to all the household of faith, even all those who in every place call upon the name of the Lord Jesus; nevertheless their communion one with another as saints, does not take away or infringe the title or propriety which each man has in his goods and possessions. and embracing the promises of God for this life and that which is to come; but the principle acts of saving faith have immediate relation to Christ, accepting, receiving, and resting upon him alone for justification, sanctification, and eternal life, by virtue of the covenant of grace. Rom. 1:24, 3. Elect infants dying in infancy are regenerated and saved by Christ through the Spirit;193 who works when, and where, and how He pleases;194 so also are all elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word. 5:4-5, 5:13, 2 Cor. Below is a list of the chapters of the confession. 8:28 353. 1:2; 2 Thess. The 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith, also called the Second London Baptist Confession, was written by Particular Baptists, who held to a Calvinistic soteriology in Englandto give a formal expression of their Christian faith from a Baptist perspective. 76:10 95. 1:7; Eph. The Acts of the Apostles 13:12 102. John 15:26; Gal. 5. 6:18; Rev. The outward elements in this ordinance, duly set apart to the use ordained by Christ, have such relation to him crucified, as that truly, although in terms used figuratively, they are sometimes called by the names of the things they represent, in other words, the body and blood of Christ,473 albeit, in substance and nature, they still remain truly and only bread and wine, as they were before.474, 6. God continues to forgive the sins of those that are justified,211 and although they can never fall from the state of justification,212 yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure;213 and in that condition they usually do not have the light of his countenance restored to them, until they humble themselves, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.214, 211. 13:8, 7. 15:54-57 354. Heb. 8:32; 2 Cor. The Philadelphia Confession was a modification of the Second London Confession that added an allowanc… John 15:4-5 274. 3:12 219. For a suggestion about how a church might subscribe to the Second London Confession of Faith, see How to Subscribe to the Second London Baptist Confession of Faith. 2 Cor. 12:2, 1. 9:25-26, 28 470. 36:26-27; John 6:44-45; Ps. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear; and therein it is to be used, with all holy fear and reverence; therefore to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful, and to be abhorred; yet as in matter of weight and moment, for confirmation of truth, and ending all strife, an oath is warranted by the word of God; so a lawful oath being imposed by lawful authority in such matters, ought to be taken. 8:15-16 309. Ps. To understand the importance of creedalism, or confessionalism, see The Creedal Imperative by Carl Trueman. and exposes them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin; and withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan. Eph. As the providence of God does in general reach to all creatures, so after a more special manner it takes care of His church, and disposes of all things to the good thereof. The Baptist Confession of 1689 includes the Introduction, Foreward, topics from Holy Scriptures to Last Judgment, and the Ending Statement and Signatories Rom 6:22, 3. 12:36; Rom. 8:15 220. 2:13 275. 336. 1:6; Rom. 7:39 418. 1:1 252. which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God, and had dominion over the creatures. 10:1; Col. 2:17 328. 1 Tim. 3:10-19, 3. Ephesians 110. Rom 5:12, etc. 2:14; Eph. 1 Cor. Gal. 2. Chapter 2. so as they may have a comfortable supply, without being themselves entangled in secular affairs; and may also be capable of exercising hospitality towards others; and this is required by the law of nature, and by the express order of our Lord Jesus, who has ordained that they that preach the Gospel should live of the Gospel. This office of mediator between God and man is proper only to Christ, who is the prophet, priest, and king of the church of God; and may not be either in whole, or any part thereof, transferred from Him to any other.170, 10. Isa. The supreme judge, by which all controversies of religion are to be determined, and all decrees of councils, opinions of ancient writers, doctrines of men, and private spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest, can be no other but the Holy Scripture delivered by the Spirit, into which Scripture so delivered, our faith is finally resolved. Ezek. Rom. Matt. most loving, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him. The supper of the Lord Jesus was instituted by him the same night wherein he was betrayed, to be observed in his churches, unto the end of the world, for the perpetual remembrance, and showing to all the world the sacrifice of himself in his death,467 confirmation of the faith of believers in all the benefits thereof, their spiritual nourishment, and growth in him, their further engagement in, and to all duties which they owe to him; and to be a bond and pledge of their communion with him, and with each other.468, 467. and on the testimony of the Spirit of adoption, witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God; and, as a fruit thereof, keeping the heart both humble and holy. Eph. To Philemon Such is the provision which God has made through Christ in the covenant of grace for the preservation of believers unto salvation, that although there is no sin so small but it deserves damnation,262 yet there is no sin so great that it shall bring damnation to them that repent,263 which makes the constant preaching of repentance necessary. 8:30; 2 Tim. 7:2, 9 405. so will he have the day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come. 3:10; Rom. 36:26 188. Rom. we know this will not excuse the blindness, or wickedness of any; but certainly it will fall heavy upon those that have thus been the occasion thereof; they indeed dye in their sins; but will not their blood be required of those under whose care they were, who yet permitted them to go on without warning, yea led them into the paths of destruction? Matt. 46:10; Eph. 53:5-6 206. Rom. 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