Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). From 1987 to 1993, according to EPA's Toxic Release Inventory, vinyl chloride releases to water and land totalled over 38,000 lbs. * This data for Bis(2-ethylhexyl)Phthalate and Vinyl Chloride Monomer apply to the pure form of the compound. CAS Number 75-01-4 Synonym(s) Toxicity Data for: Vinyl Chloride Monomer*LD50 (rat, inhalation): 18 pph /15M Vinyl Chloride Monomer* is an OSHA cancer suspect agent, ACGIH confirmed human carcinogen, and NTP and IARC human carcinogen. Additional research has now demonstrated the carcinogenicity of VC to other organs and at lower concentrations. It does not occur naturally and must be produced industrially for its commercial uses. (4) • The chemical formula for vinyl chloride is C 2 H 3 Cl and the molecular weight is 62.5 g/mol. : 003 Version : 05 Date : 12-10-2017 Prevention: Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. 7.3 Carcinogenicity According to IARC, vinyl chloride is carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). 5, pp. Keith G. Tolman, Anthony S. Dalpiaz, in Drug-Induced Liver Disease (Third Edition), 2013. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1997. Vinyl tile flooring is constructed of new or recycled polyvinyl chloride or PVC that is known to be one of the most environmentally hazardous consumer materials that are produced for flooring. Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is a colorless, gaseous, sweet-smelling organochloride primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with additional historical usage before the 1970s as an aerosol propellant and refrigerant. Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, Ethylene monochloride, Monochloroethene, Monochloroethylene, VC, VCM, Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) Colorless gas or liquid (below 7°F) with a pleasant odor at high concentrations. Exposure of mice to 1000 ppm of vinyl chloride (VC), 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, caused some acute deaths with toxic hepatitis and marked tubular necrosis of the renal cortex. Small quantities of vinyl chloride can be released to food since it is used to make many food wrappings and containers. Combustion is, of course, an oxidation reaction. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1990. Doctors pinpointed the carcinogenicity of vinyl chloride in the late 1960s. Although the industries that use this chemical have known about the harmful effects of vinyl chloride for decades, it has only recently been identified as a known carcinogen. Vinyl Chloride. Exposure of mice to 1000 ppm of vinyl chloride (VC), 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, caused some acute deaths with toxic hepatitis and marked tubular necrosis of the renal cortex. Vinyl chloride was briefly used as an inhalational anaesthetic, in a similar vein to ethyl chloride, though its toxicity forced this practice to be abandoned. Keep away from open flames/hot surfaces. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Starting the sixth month, mice exposed to 1000, 250, or 50 ppm of VC became lethargic, lost weight quickly, and died. The current Proposition 65 list is dated December 18, 2020. Meetings, Hearings and Workshops. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1990. Discovered in 1835, it is used as an intermediate in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is molded into PVC piping and bottles. Vinyl chloride is an organochloride, flammable gas with a sickly sweet odor, which is a colorless at ambient temperature. QVC MSDS CODE : V3.0.2-1 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET – MSDS Product: VINYL CHLORIDE MONOMER Page 2 of 8 SDS No. The residual vinyl chloride content in polymers in contact with food should be limited to:-5 ppb in vinyl chloride mono- or co-polymer films and coatings, and plasticised polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bottles;-10 ppb in rigid PVC;-50 ppb in water-pipes and vinyl chloride-vinylidene chloride copolymer films. Case Studies in Environmental Medicine. (1960). PVC—polyvinyl chloride, or vinyl—is found in a range of products, from children's toys to building materials to food packaging. Vinyl Chloride Toxicity. [ifediba.com] The gas can cause dizziness, drowsiness, and headache when inhaled. Vinyl chloride | H2C=CHCl or (C2H3Cl)n or C2H3Cl | CID 6338 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Vinyl chloride has little acute toxicity, and air levels over 8000 ppm may be tolerated for 5 minutes without the development of symptoms. It is used in the plastics industry, often to produce PVC (polyvinyl chloride) and does not occur naturally in the environment. No other plastic contains or releases as many dangerous chemicals. Some LVT manufacturers are committed to reducing the amount of PVC and phthalates, but many companies have not eliminated them. An emerging toxic plastic of concern, polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl), is used widespread in schools across the nation. Learn more about it. Vinyl chloride has been classified as a human carcinogen (14th Report on Carcinogens, National Toxicity Program) and is on the Living Building Challenge Red List of toxic chemicals to avoid. (4) • The vapor pressure for vinyl chloride is 2,600 mm Hg at 25 °C, and it has a log Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas that burns easily. Notices. The Proposition 65 List. Vinyl chloride is a highly dangerous chemical used to make numerous plastic materials. (4) • The odor threshold for vinyl chloride ranges from 260 ppm to 4,000 ppm. Healthy Child Healthy World describes PVC as the most toxic plastic , and vinyl chloride, the chemical used to make PVC, has been described as a known carcinogen by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer. ... Vinyl chloride . PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. (2) Uses Most of the vinyl chloride produced in the United States is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC), a material used to manufacture a variety of plastic and vinyl products including pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. The good news is that linoleum flooring looks and feels much like vinyl, but it’s an eco-friendly choice that is durable, biodegradable and made with natural materials such as linseed oil, limestone, tree resins, natural pigments, wood flour and jute. • Vinyl chloride is a colorless, flammable gas with a mild, sweet odor. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal: Vol. Acute Inhalation Toxicity of Vinyl Chloride to Laboratory Animals. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. 1997. Toxic substances list: vinyl chloride Vinyl chloride (VC) is a flammable and explosive colourless gas with a sweet odour. Smaller amounts of vinyl chloride are used in furniture and automobile upholstery, wall coverings, housewares, and automotive parts. Only a few … Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl) is the most toxic plastic for our health and the environment. 394-398. The major industrial preparation of vinyl chloride begins with ethylene and has two Vinyl chloride can be formed when other substances such as trichloroethane and trichloroethylene are broken down. What is vinyl chloride? Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. Vinyl chloride is used primarily to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC); PVC is used to make a variety of plastic products, including pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. Longer exposures have been associated with headache, dizziness, euphoria, ataxia, and narcosis. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride (Update). Studies of workers in polyvinyl chloride polymerization of certain plastic and rubber factories revealed that numerous workers had been diagnosed with liver angiosarcoma. Most often used in construction, PVC is a plastic composed of three elements: carbon, hydrogen and chlorine. 21, No. In 1974, vinyl chloride (VC) was first reported in the open scientific literature to induce angiosarcoma of the liver both in humans and in animals. Vinyl chloride, a colourless, flammable, toxic gas belonging to the family of organohalogen compounds and used principally in making polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, a widely used plastic with numerous applications. Short-term exposure to moderate levels of vinyl chloride in the air can result in a headache, vertigo, loss of consciousness, and fatigue.Nervous system damage is also possible. Therefore, based on information available today, vinyl cannot be non-toxic… Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC or Vinyl) is an economical and versatile thermoplastic polymer widely used in building and construction industry to produce door and window profiles, pipes (drinking and wastewater), wire and cable insulation, medical devices, etc. The following reference says about vinyl chloride: "On combustion, it degrades to hydrogen chloride, carbon dioxide and traces of phosgene.". Upcoming and past meetings, hearings and workshops. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] [4] The target organs for VC now clearly in … VC is the most toxic plastic for our health and environment. Polyvinyl chloride is more often referred to by its less-technical names, PVC and vinyl. For more than 30 years, leading health, environmental justice, and health-impacted organizations across the country and world have been campaigning to phase out this poison plastic. Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride (Update). Starting the sixth month, mice exposed to 1000, 250, or 50 ppm of VC became lethargic, lost weight quickly, and died. The Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act. In Section 6, EPA has characterized its overall confidence in the quantitative and qualitative aspects of hazard and dose response. Vinyl releases toxins during manufacture and disposal, and it’s usually softened with phthalates, which are toxic. for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride. Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC or vinyl, is a synthetic resin produced from the polymerization of vinyl chloride.It is an odorless and solid plastic and can come in the form of white powder or pellets. Next to polyethylene, it is the most widely used plastic in the world. Chloride Toxicity. PVC – the Poison Plastic. One reason why PVC is so toxic is that it is often mixed with softening chemicals called plasticizers, the most well known variety being phalates. Vinyl flooring can be an enormous source of off-gassing in your home. Vinyl Chloride Toxicity. These releases … Case Studies in Environmental Medicine. The vinyl industry lobbies to keep consumers believing that vinyl is safe in spite of mounting evidence to the contrary. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride. Polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC or vinyl, is arguably one of the most toxic types of plastic in our lives. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas with a mildly sweet smell that easily burns.It is not a naturally-occurring substance and must be manufactured industrially for its commercial purposes. Toxic Exposure Injury Attorneys - Serving Clients Nationwide. 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